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Gum Disease May Increase Certain Health Risks

Posted by Peter Samuels on Thu, Jan 23, 2014 @ 14:01 PM

Gettysburg dentist gum disease


 

Gum disease is the result of unchecked bacterial activities in the mouth causing inflammation of the gums and tissues that surround and support the teeth resulting in eventual tooth loss. But its devastating effects are not just confined to the mouth. Various studies reveal a frightening correlation: a number of health risks may be related to gum disease such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease and certain cancers. 

Endocarditis

The bacteria in the mouth don’t just stay in the mouth cavity. Bacteria may enter the blood stream via the infected gum and attached themselves to the damaged areas of the heart. When that happens, the inner lining of the heart becomes infected resulting in endocarditis. If it's left untreated, it may cause damage or destroy the heart value. 

Cardiovascular Disease

Those suffering from gum disease are twice as likely to have cardiovascular disease because bacteria in the mouth may cause the hardening of arteries. There are two possibilities. In the first possibility,  the bacteria traveling through the blood stream may stick to the fatty plaques already in the blood stream, bulking it up and narrowing the arteries in the process. The other possibility, and the more current of the two, has to do with the body’s response to invading bacteria in the blood stream. It triggers inflammation, thereby causing the blood cells to swell and narrow the arteries.

Diabetes

Does gum disease compound diabetes or does diabetes contribute to gum disease? The chicken-and-egg question remains open to debate but one thing is clear: research shows that gum disease and diabetes are closely linked. Those with gum disease have a harder time controlling their blood sugar level, which may lead to more diabetes complications. Conversely, diabetes makes the body more susceptible to infection, gum included.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis, the disease that leads to bone loss, may also affect the bone in the jaw. When the density of the bone in the jaw decreases, it becomes unstable and loses its ability to support the teeth.

Respiratory Disease

People with gum disease are also more susceptible to respiratory disease as bacteria in the oral cavity may be aspirated into the lungs to cause respiratory complications and chronic lung conditions such as emphysema.

Other Diseases

Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, Sjogren's syndrome (an immune disorder), complications in people suffering from HIV/AIDS, even premature birth and low birth weight have been linked to gum disease.

If gum disease increases certain health risks, it is paramount to maintain good oral health by exercising oral hygiene and having regular dental checkups. Call us today for a comprehensive exam. 

Topics: Sedation dentist Gettysburg, Dentist in Gettysburg, Periodontal Disease, Gettysburg dentist, Dentist Gettysburg

What You Should Know About Periodontal Disease Before It's Too Late

Posted by Peter Samuels on Mon, Jan 20, 2014 @ 11:01 AM

gum disease Gettysburg

 

Periodontal disease affects the gum and compromises the bone supporting the teeth. In full-blown cases, this silent but insidious disease may lead to eventual tooth loss. One out of two Americans, aged 30 and older, suffer from some form of periodontal disease, according to the Center for Disease Control. Given the preponderance of periodontal cases, how can you prevent periodontal disease? If knowledge is power, knowing how periodontal disease comes about and how you can prevent it is key to keeping it at bay. Let’s find out:

How It All Started

Just like a few little termites can eventually bring down the house by reproducing more termites to eat at the foundation of the house, periodontal disease begins small too. First, poor oral hygiene may give it fuel. Bacteria (together with food particles) in the mouth deposit a clear, slimy layer on the teeth, called plaque. If it’s not removed by tooth brushing or flossing, they hardened and form tartar (not the cream of tartar, but nasty gum-ruining tartar). Tartar can be stubborn and can only be removed with the help of professional cleaning.

Progression to Gingivitis

If plaque is left to fester, it wrecks damage. The bacteria inherent in plaque may cause gum inflammation, causing the gum to become red, swollen and to bleed easily. The dentist refers to this mild form of periodontal disease as gingivitis. It’s the beginning of the slide, unless you seek dental treatment right away.

Periodontal Disease

Unless gingivitis is taken care of, the plaque will continue its sure and sly work, causing the gum to pull away from the teeth, leaving “pockets” between the gum and the teeth, opening it up to infection. As the body tries to fight off these bacterial invasion of the gums, bacteria toxins formed and they break down the bone and connective tissue in the process. If it’s left unchecked, they will gradually destroy the bones, gums and tissue that support the teeth. The sad result? Loss of teeth.

How can you make sure you’re not a victim of periodontal disease?

Watch out for these telltale signs: perpetual bad breath, red, swollen gums that bleed easily, receding gums, longer-looking teeth, loose or sensitive teeth. If you’ve any of these symptoms, a visit to the dentist is necessary, even crucial.

Because periodontal disease can inflict serious damage in the long run, nipping it in the bud is your best bet. Call us today for a comprehensive dental exam.

Peter J. Samuels, DDS is a an instructor at the University of Maryland Dental School and a local Gettysburg dentist.  GettysburgFamilyDentist.com  334-0555

Submitted by Peter J. Samuels, DDS

Topics: Sedation dentist Gettysburg, Dentist in Gettysburg, Periodontal Disease, Gettysburg dentist, Dentist Gettysburg

George Washington and His Denture Woes

Posted by Peter Samuels on Thu, Jan 9, 2014 @ 16:01 PM

 

Dentures of George Washington

 


 

Poor George Washington had bad teeth. They were often blamed for the shortest speech ever given by a President—just 135 words and a mere 90 seconds to deliver it. The outstanding commander of the Continental Army and the first president of the United States was often perceived as boring, stiff-jawed and bad tempered. There may be a reason for this persona as some interesting facts about dentistry reveal. 

Should we blame his poor image on his teeth? Perhaps, if you study the dentures he had to endure. His dentures consisted of crude fabrication of teeth that came with springs and bolts to hold these dentures in the mouth. Imagine trying to deliver a speech with the dentures rattling and air escaping through the gaps between the teeth.

History tells us that George Washington’s troubles with his teeth started when he was twenty-two. Over the course of the next thirty-five years, his teeth started falling off, one by one. And no, it was not because of his poor oral hygiene. According to records, he took heavy doses of mercurous chloride for his many infections (he was reputedly beset with all kinds of ailments from dysentery to smallpox), which in turn may have led to the destruction of his teeth. His fastidious brushing, use of dentifrice and mouthwash didn’t help much. By the time, he had his inauguration in 1789, he had one good tooth left.

For most of his adult life, he grappled with dental problems. Constant toothaches, infected gums and abscessed teeth, which we now know are symptoms of periodontal disease, plagued him. Initially, he had partial dentures with hippopotamus ivory carved to fit the upper gum and eight human teeth held by gold pivots for his lower plate. Spiral springs were used to secure them to his mouth. He had quite a few dentures made and he often returned them for adjustments and repairs. Clumsy and ill-fitting, they were forcing his lips out and his portraits revealed unfortunate facial changes. The final set of denture, made just before his death had a swagged gold plate, fastened by rivets.

Contrary to popular beliefs, none of dentures were made of wood. His four known sets of dentures include gold, ivory, lead, human and animal teeth (horse and donkey components likely).

Looking at George Washington’s ordeal with his oral health, thankfully, dentures have come a long way. Modern-day dentures look like real and are designed to make eating, talking and smiling as natural as possible. Held in by dental implants, they can be almost as natural as real teeth. Had George Washington lived today, he probably would have smiled more often (and therefore, deemed more friendly) and his speech would definitely be longer than 90 seconds.

For more information about the most upd to date denture techniques. dentures held in by dental implants or any dental needs, contact us.  

Submitted by Peter Samuels, DDS

Topics: dentures in Gettysburg, Gettysburg Dentures, dentures, Gettysburg dentist

New Technology for the New Year at Samuels Dental Arts P.C.

Posted by Peter Samuels on Thu, Jan 2, 2014 @ 14:01 PM

technology pic

 


 

Dr. Peter Samuels, Dr. Julie Berger and the staff of Samuels Dental Arts P.C. want to wish you a Happy New Year and hope to see you in 2014. We welcome new patients and our goal is to serve your entire family. Come and give us a visit and see how our investment in new technology in dentistry can help you.

Our Gettysburg dental practice has invested in training and equipment to provide you with the latest in the dentistry. We have more options in your dental care that includes a CAD/CAM which allows for faster delivery options. We know that your time is valuable, ask about our CEREC same day crowns.

 

Dr. Samuels, earned his D.D.S. from Georgetown University School of Dentistry and, as a local Gettysburg dentist, has been active in his continuing education. He has attended the following programs among many many others: 

  • The Misch Implant Institute at the University of Pittsburg
  • The Pankey Institute of Graduate Dentistry
  • NYU's Rosenthal Cosmetic Dentistry course

Besides his full time Gettysburg dentl practice, he is currently a clinical instructor at the University of Maryland Dental School.

He maintains active memberships in:

  • American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry
  • Academy of General Dentistry (Fellowship status)
  • American Dental Association
  • American Dental Society of Anesthesiology

See our facebook page for his aikijuzu martial arts technique!

Dr. Julie Berger, DDS, as a board certified Prosthodontist trained for three additional years after dental school. She then attended a 1 year, full time fellowship in periodontal prosthodontics and in dental implant placement. She is an expert in dentures, crowns & bridges, implants and esthetics. She received her training from the University of Maryland and is a clinical instructor there.

She maintains memberships in:

  • American Board of Prosthdontics
  • Fellow of the American College of Prosthodontists
  • American Dental Association
  • Academy of General Dentistry
  • Pennsylvania Dental Association
  • Gettysburg Hanover Dental Society

So what's the latest in dentistry you might ask? Well, for starters we can make crowns quicker. In some cases we can have them done in one visit. Our porcelain onlays are a popular choice over silver amalgm fillings.

For cosmetic needs we have all ceramic crowns, veneers, and in office, power Teeth whitening.  We offer sedation dentistry with a board certified anesthesiologist. You and your family are in great hands with Dr. Samuels and Dr. Berger.

All phases of dentistry are offered including:

  • Veneers
  • All Ceramic Crowns
  • Porcelain and Gold Crowns
  • Implants
  • Teeth Whitening
  • Full mouth reconstruction
  • Dentures
  • Cerec one day crowns 
  • Sedation dentistry
  • Invisalign 

Our new, modern office has been designed for your comfort. Come by and pay us a visit. We love to give tours and hope to see more of you! We are located at 1650 Biglerville Road, Gettysberg, Pennsylvania 17325 (717)778-4268.

See our website for additional information. 

Topics: Cosmetic Dentistry, Cerec dentist, Gettysburg dental implants, Gettysburg implant dentist, Dentist in Gettysburg, Gettysburg dentist

Here are a few more Interesting Tidbits about Dental History!

Posted by Peter Samuels on Fri, Dec 27, 2013 @ 11:12 AM

 

Gettysburg Dentist history facts

 

There is evidence of dentistry being practiced as far back as 7000 BC; at that time, bow drills were used in the treatment of tooth decay. In ancient Greece tooth extraction was a common procedure used to treat a variety of different illnesses, and the professionals who treated dental problems were not doctors but barbers. It wasn’t until the years between 1650 and 1800 when modern dentistry got its start.

The history of dentistry is filled with odd and sometimes humorous happenings. Here are some of the most interesting facts about dentistry:

Contrary to popular belief, President George Washington’s false teeth were not constructed of wood; his teeth were actually made from a combination of elephant tusks, human, cow and walrus teeth and gold.

Experts recommend that you store your toothbrush at least six feet away from your toilet. Why? When you flush, fecal particles travel through the air and can land on a tooth brush up to six feet away. Using a toothbrush cap is not the best solution to this problem: the moist environment maintained by a toothbrush cover allows more bacteria to grow and multiply.

A snail’s mouth is the size of the head of a pin and contains about 25,000 teeth.

Tooth decay is the second most prevalent illness in the United States behind the common cold.

Each person’s teeth are as unique as their fingerprints; even identical twins have a different dental “fingerprint”. Paul Revere is the first person known to have used dental forensics to identify a body.

In 2012, the average amount left by the tooth fairy was $2 per tooth.

The average man in the United States smiles 8 times a day; the average woman smiles 62 times per day.

Giraffes only have bottom teeth. 

These are just a few of the many interesting facts about dentistry. Here’s one final fact that produced several humorous headlines in 1994: A prisoner in Charleston, West Virginia escaped by braiding dental floss into a rope about the thickness of a telephone cord. He then used the rope to scale an 18 foot wall in the recreation yard and made his escape.

 

Submitted by Peter Samuels, DDS

Topics: Dental history, Cosmetic Dentistry, Gettysburg sedation dentist, Gettysburg dentist, Dentist Gettysburg

Gettysburg Dentist discusses Periodontal Disease

Posted by Peter Samuels on Thu, Dec 19, 2013 @ 14:12 PM

Gettysburg dentist gum disease

 


 

Periodontal disease affects gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth, resulting in red and swollen gums, bad breath, receding gums and loose teeth. Left untreated, it is the major cause of tooth loss. An increasing body of studies reveal that periodontal disease may be linked to a number of major diseases including heart disease, diabetes, stroke, osteoporosis and cancer. Considering that one out of two American adults, aged 30 and over, suffer from some form of periodontal disease, understanding how periodontal disease is related to other health risks  is crucial.

Diabetes

According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, diabetes increases the risk of periodontal disease. Impaired blood flow that comes with diabetes may weaken gums and bone and make them more susceptible to infection. In addition, higher glucose levels in the mouth fluids make it ideal for bacteria to flourish, further encouraging gum disease. The reverse may be true as well. Research has also shown that periodontal disease may also complicate diabetes, making it difficult for people with diabetes to control their blood sugar.

Heart Disease

Evidence suggests that people with periodontal disease are twice as likely to have heart disease. While the cause and effect is still unclear, scientists believe that inflammation may be blamed for the strong correlation. Bacteria from the mouth may enter the blood stream and deposit in the arteries, thereby blocking blood flow. Another possibility is that the bacteria may trigger the body’s natural defense mechanism to kick in, resulting in inflammation and blocking of blood arteries.

Osteoporosis

Bone loss associated with osteoporosis is often blamed for diminished stature or hip fracture but it is also linked to bone loss in the jaw. The National Institutes of Health revealed a greater propensity to lose jaw bone if you have osteoporosis.

Respiratory Disease

Bacteria in the oral cavity may be aspirated into the lungs and cause complications such as pneumonia and pulmonary embolism.

Cancer

Yes, it’s linked to the dreaded disease as well. Men with advanced periodontal disease have a 63% higher incidence of pancreatic cancer. Even moderate periodontal disease may increase lung, kidney and blood cancer by 14%.

If periodontal disease is linked to major systemic diseases, it’s paramount to maintain good oral health. Visit your dentist regularly for periodic checkup and routine cleaning. Keeping periodontal disease at arm’s length will greatly improve your overall health.

 

Topics: dentist, Dentist in Gettysburg, Periodontal Disease, Gettysburg dentist, Dentist Gettysburg

Where did the Tooth Fairy Come From?

Posted by Peter Samuels on Thu, Dec 12, 2013 @ 16:12 PM

Gettysburg dentist tooth fairy

 


 

As kids, most of us received money from the tooth fairy whenever we lost a tooth. Few of us, however, know about the history of the tooth fairy tradition.

The tradition of the tooth fairy began centuries ago in Europe. A child’s first lost tooth was buried in the ground to keep witches from stealing the tooth and using it to cast spells on the child; burying the tooth also ensured the growth of a new tooth in its place.

Children have twenty “baby teeth” and start to lose them around age five or six—around the time they begin going to school. In most cultures this is considered a rite of passage, a sign that the child is growing up. The loss of teeth can be scary and painful for kids, and the tooth fairy helps to soften the blow.

The tooth fairy we now know in the United States emerged in the early 1900s, when the lost baby tooth was placed under a child’s pillow and in its place money appeared. Initially the tooth fairy appeared only after the loss of the first tooth, but as the tradition became more popular the tooth fairy visited a child each time a tooth was lost, until the child stopped believing—after age seven for most children.

The first children’s story written about the tooth fairy—“The Tooth Fairy”, by Lee Rogow, was published in 1949 and the tradition really caught on. By the 1950s, the concept of the tooth fairy began to grow, and more books, cartoons and jokes about the tooth fairy appeared.

In the 1980s the tooth fairy enjoyed a resurgence; during that decade several tooth fairy commercial products became available. One of the most popular was a tooth fairy pillow, with a pocket sewn on the outside to store the tooth and receive the money.

Rosemary Wells, known as the world's leading tooth fairy authority, studied the price paid for teeth from 1900 to 1980 and compared it to the consumer price index. She found that the tooth fairy kept up with inflation. In 2013, the reward left varies by country and the family's economic status, among other factors, but a 2013 survey by Visa Inc. found that American children receive $3.70 per tooth on average.

Submitted by Peter J. Samuels, DDS

Topics: History of Dentistry, Gettysburg dentist, Dentist Gettysburg

Fun Facts about Dental History from Peter Samuels, DDS

Posted by Peter Samuels on Sun, Dec 8, 2013 @ 18:12 PM

dental history

 


 

It's time to dive deep ladies and gents, the History of Dentistry is more interesting than you may think. Though many of us may be apprehensive about our dental checkups, dentistry is one of the oldest forms of formal medical care in human history. Take a look at the bellow fun facts and spread the word, dentistry's colorful and intriguing past will help you greatly appreciate the current practices and technology used today.

  • St Appollonia was one of the first virgin martyrs to suffer during the great uprising in Alexandria. According to legend, St. Appollonia's punishment for her beliefs was to have all of her teeth pulled and shattered. That is why today she is considered the patron saint of dentistry and those suffering from dental pain or apprehension.
  • Think your toothbrush is a modern marvel, Archaeologists say no way. Evidence states the first toothbrush was developed in China during he Tang Dynasty (619-907AD). European travelers brought these curious inventions back with them from their travels to Asia, introducing them to Europe and eventually the entire western world.
  • August Tavieau invented the first dental amalgam in 1816. He developed the amalgam using silver coins and mercury but mysteriously never used them until 10 years later. Eventually the FDA began to regulate the amalgam and it is now considered a medical device under the law.
  • Dental records were first used to identify victims of mass disaster in 1878 after the Vienna Opera House fire. In 1897, they were again used for identification of the 126 poor souls who perished in the infamous fire of Paris, France. This prompted Oscar Amoedo to write the first textbook of forensic dentistry. Since its publication, it has become the foundation for dentistry in forensic science, and has helped criminal investigators solve cases all over the world.

For more information about any aspect ofdentistry, be sure to ask the staff at Samuels Dental Arts P.C. They emphasize anxiety-free, sedation dentistry. Their caring and knowledgeable staff can help you overcome your fear of the dentist and get your oral health back on track.

Submitted by Peter J. Samuels, DDS

Topics: History of Dentistry, Dentist in Gettysburg, Gettysburg dentist

Three Things You Need to Know About Periodontal Disease and Diabetes

Posted by Peter Samuels on Thu, Nov 28, 2013 @ 18:11 PM

 



 

Gettysburg dentist

As with most things, periodontal disease starts small, unnoticeable. First, unattended bacteria deposit a colorless, sticky layer on your teeth, which eventually becomes plaque. Uncontrolled plaque damages gums and bone and give rise to periodontal disease. That’s the development of periodontal disease in a nutshell but there’s more to the story. More and more scientific studies are pointing to a scarier picture than at first glance. Periodontal disease is now linked to a number of systematic diseases, among them, diabetes. The periodontal disease and diabetes correlation has serious health implications.

There are ongoing debates as to whether periodontal disease compounds diabetes or whether diabetes compounds periodontal disease. Both possibilities are viable. Here are three things you need to know about periodontal disease and diabetes:

Diabetes Affects Periodontal Disease


Diabetes increases glucose presence in the saliva and that makes a conducive environment for bacteria. They have a field day and manufacture more plaque to ruin gums and teeth. That’s one scenario. In another scenario, diabetic patients tend to have high levels of inflammatory chemicals known as interleukins, that can cause damage to blood vessels. Decreased blood flow to the gums may worsen periodontal disease.

Periodontal Disease Affects Diabetes

If you have periodontal disease, it may be more difficult tocontrol diabetes. Why? Severe cases of periodontal disease increase blood sugar. That does not sit well for a diabetic person as sustained high blood glucose level can lead to diabetic complications such as damaged nerves (which further jeopardize gum health), poor eye health and hypertension.

Treat One, Treat Another

As you can see, periodontal disease and diabetes are closely linked together. One affects the other. Periodontal disease makes it hard to control blood sugar and diabetes increase risks of periodontal disease. What is one supposed to do, given the close link? Break the cycle. Studies reveal that treating periodontal disease will help you control blood glucose. Conversely, living healthy and managing diabetes will lessen your appeal as a periodontal disease candidate.

Oral hygiene is key in this vicious link. Keep periodontal disease in check with regular checkups and routine cleaning. Visit your Gettysburg dentist for a comprehensive dental exam to determine if you have periodontal disease or initial gum disease (gingivitis). Our knowledgeable and caring team at our Gettysburg dental office will be happy to help you in any possible way.

 

Submitted by:  Peter J. Samuels, DDS

Topics: gettysburg sleep dentist, Gum Disease, Gettysburg dentist

Gettysburg Dentist talks about fun dental history facts!

Posted by Peter Samuels on Thu, Nov 21, 2013 @ 14:11 PM

Gettysburg dentist

The history of dentistry has been an
interesting one. Did you know there is recorded evidence that people were
concerned with the appearance and health of their teeth dating back over 4,000
years ago? And toothbrushes existed before 600AD? Exploring the intriguing
history surrounding the dental arts can be entertaining, fun, and
mysterious.

  • Evidence suggests braces were used to correct teeth in ancient times. They first appeared in recorded history around 2022BC. Around 400-300 BC scholars like Aristotle and Socrates discussed and contemplated the best way to correct one's crooked teeth.

 

  • Think implants are part of modern dental technology? Think again, the Mayans were using endosseous implants in 600AD. The evidence supporting the Mayan's use of implants was unearthed by Archaeologists in Honduras in 1939.

 

  • The first dental book ever published was called The Operator for
    Teeth
    . It was written by Charles Allen in 1685. There are only two known copies still intact, one resides in the library of the College of Dentistry at New York University, the other is in York Minister.

 

  • John Greenwood was the first native born dentist. It was he who designed George Washington's dentures. He made the dentures using Hippopotamus tusks. The bill Greenwood sent to Washington for payment is dated 1799.

 

  • Dr. Horace Wells was the first dentist to use nitrous oxide as an
    anesthetic. The first demonstration performed using nitrous was on December 11, 1844. 

 

  • Over the centuries, dentists have used many different items to fill teeth.
    These have included: stone chips, turpentine resin, gum, metals, cork, lead, and gold foil. Dental cement made of baked porcelain was developed by B. Wood in 1862.

 

  • Miss Lucy Hobbs was the first woman to ever graduate dental school in 1864. Having her diploma she opened her office in Iowa, from there she opened another office in Chicago. Her dental career was considered extremely successful.

If you are considering dental work or are due for a check up, contact the experts at Samuels
Dental Arts, P.C. Their family owned and operated practice offers sedation dentistry, cosmetic dentistry, implants, dentures, and family dentistry.

Article submitted by Peter J. Samuels, DDS

Topics: Dental history, Dentist in Gettysburg, Gettysburg dentist

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